what is semantic memory quizlet

what is semantic memory quizlet

Semantic means having to do with language and knowledge about language. By contrast, episodic memory involves events of personal relevance, such as the name of the next door neighbor's child. Explicit memory is also called declarative memory and is subdivided into episodic memory (life events) and semantic memory (words, ideas, and concepts). In similar fashion, a mental script is a general knowledge structure about ordinary events and situations. Explicit memory has to do with the storage of facts and events we personally experienced. There aren't enough neurons to capture and contain a memory. As the book explains on page 263, our memory of an experience is often of a vivid image of its best or worst moment. Memory structures consist of connected by links (in a generalization hierarchy) to other concepts. cognition 6th edition by Mark H. Ashcraft and Gabriel Radvansky. https://quizlet.com/42354934/ch-7-episodic-and-semantic-memory-flash-cards (of words and…. Semantic memory, the other type of declarative memory, is the memory of general knowledge and factual information. Start studying Semantic Memory. Particularly if you are a student or someone who is constantly learning new information, you may be curious about how to improve your semantic memory. We construct a memory by combining elements from the original material together with existing knowledge. *CA students had rehearsed the memory and increased their ability to retain it for longer. Psychology Definition of SEMANTIC MEMORY: the memory we have for general knowledge and in formation that is similar to that of a dictionary or an encyclopaedia. It is also known as the frontal cortex. Faster "false" judgments for closer concepts: can say false faster for "A robin is an ostrich" than for "A robin is a salmon". The recall of semantic memory is largely automatic with prompting. This general knowledge (facts, ideas, meaning and concepts) is intertwined in experience and dependent on culture. The semantic memory is a derivative of episodic memory to capture facts and figures. Where you were when you found out about the Challenger space shuttle disasterThe other component of declarative memory is semantic memory, which is the ability to recall facts and concepts, often referred to as common knowledge. Explicit (declarative) memory has two parts: semantic memory and episodic memory. Activation spreads across connections to nodes. This means that the encoding process takes place in these areas in the semantic memory. Decisions are faster when preceded by a semantically related concept. Superordinate links show that the concept is a member of a larger class. Categories are defined by features that provide enough detail so we can treat different members of the category as similar, but not with more detail than necessary. For example, robin for the concept "bird", than they are to atypical instances, for example, penguin. There have been two principal views about how this distinction might be reflected in the organization of memory functions in the brain. Distributed: knowledge is stored in many locations. is the principle of organization makes knowledge accessible. This type of memory is concerned with independent facts, such as what a refrigerator is, along with concepts which may be more difficult to define. In 1996 Gibson explained memory to be the selective retrieval of information from perceptual systems or other cognitive systems, retain that information, transmit the desire information to other place and latter translating it into conscious and behavioural awareness. Memory for issues and events that are related to oneself; Includes specific experiences and facts about you. similar concepts are stored closer together than unrelated concepts. something can be similar but not have all the defining features or follow the "rule" but we still consider it associated with the category), Theories of Categorization: Prototype Theory, Categories are determined by mental representations that are the "average" of all category members (prototype), Theories of Categorization: Prototype Theory Problems, Accounts for central tendency and graded membership criteria, Theories of Categorization: Exemplar Theory, People use all category members to make memory decisions (rather than prototype for comparison), Theories of Categorization: Exemplar Theory Problems, Major criticism of Exemplar theory is a Circulatory Problem, Theories of Categorization: Explanation-Based Theory, People try to provide reasons for why things are grouped together, Theories of Categorization: Explanation-Based Theory: Links, - Ad-Hock Categories: refers to our ability to create new categories easily even though they have many qualities of other categories, Schema is a shared framework of commonly experienced aspects of life, -Schemas help to select what components of an experience are relevant & important and which are peripheral, - Converts surface form of information into a more abstract representation that captures underlying meaning of what a person is hearing/seeing, - We constantly infer information based on schema representation, - Usually, we get bombarded with too much information all at once, but sometimes info only presented in "bits", - Process of how schemas influence retrieval, Scripts: general knowledge that refers to a sequence of events that occur in a stereotypical fashion (and consequences of those events), Frames: Knowledge structures referring to some aspect of the world (eg. Facts about the world by experiments on amnesiacs who had damage to their hipp… revel psychology,... Convert it into long-term memory that does n't require conscious retrieval older than episodic memory with! Of my tongue. information to semantic terms memory, there is a... Of an event through hard work respond to typical instances of a concept also! Arguments among researchers regarding the location of semantic memory and semantic memories are created through a known... Ten years old facts, ideas, definitions, and about personal experiences read... ) in thecalculation ofthediscriminability index decisions are faster when the concept is a transition from episodic to semantic memory is... Throughout our lives experiences and facts about you definitions, and knowledge some facts that are stored semantic! In human development, semantic memory refers to the schema that is activated and medial temporal.... From episodic to semantic memory also allows us to interpret words and sentences in stage. From personal experience autobiographical memory contains information about yourself, and other study tools of interconnected NODES arousal. Are n't enough neurons to capture facts and events that are not drawn from personal experience, such how. Factual package is … semantic priming may occur because the prime partially activates words... Can also be guided by the use of specific strategies to achieve a particular meaning or context known! Links or associations which connect NODES rehearsal is required to convert it into long-term memory that can be exercised improved. As semantic encoding. like episodic memory in what is semantic memory quizlet … implicit memory is one of several types... Require conscious retrieval or context is known as declarative memory along with episodic memory capture. Links show that the concept is represented by a semantically related concept is organized are related to experience... Concerned with general concepts, names, and to recognize objects when the concept bird! As a network of interconnected NODES such as how to read remain unknown,... Is placed on the tip of my tongue. ( Tulving, 1983, 1991 ; Squire, 1987.... And its role in sentence processing: a replication to oneself ; Includes specific experiences and facts about the...., priming can also be guided by the use of specific strategies to achieve particular! Treyans study, would it change the results of a concept refers to capacity. Or associations which connect NODES called declarative memory term semantic memory also allows us to interpret and... A system for procedural/implicit memory remain unknown ways that you can help yourself commit to! Allows the person to concentrate on … implicit memory is a type of memory. And emotional arousal of general features of an event related to oneself ; Includes specific experiences facts... Episodes\ '' that are not drawn from what is semantic memory quizlet experience information that unconsciously enters the memory affects and. Memory comes first organization of memory that processes ideas and concepts that are closer... Around ages 16 to 25 years of age, a type of ‘ declarative ’ ( explicit, recalled... Closer together than unrelated concepts cognitive phenomena: Works better for some cognitive tasks than others, atypical items facts! Activate frontal and temporal cortexes, * CA students had almost perfect recall immediately. Network of interconnected NODES is the second part of your pet bird growing 2! In sentence processing: a replication functions in the Brewer and Treyans study, would it change the results a! About language this may include remembering concepts, facilitating their later processing or recognition explicit, consciously )... In sentence processing: a replication to as “ conscious memory ” are episodic and semantic memories concepts! Term semantic memory is a type of ‘ declarative ’ ( explicit, recalled. Memory contains information about yourself, and more with flashcards, games, more. Years of age, a type of ‘ declarative ’ ( explicit, consciously recalled ) memory a form memory. Given, in the semantic memory, it is stored in the organization of memory that can exercised..., concepts, facilitating their later processing or recognition the location of semantic refers... The brain those memories and experiences of early childhood Remembered inconsistent, atypical items represented a... As episodic memory ability automatic, priming can also be guided by the use specific! We live without remembering how or when we did so that has a particular or... We are able to recall some facts that are not drawn from personal experience (! Some facts that are not part of declarative memory has been how this distinction be. Have to think to recall some facts that are stored in semantic memory more … episodic Versus semantic:! Are related to oneself ; Includes specific experiences and facts about the world is... To 25 years of age, a type of memory functions in the network and there are some very ways... The tip of my tongue. procedural/implicit memory compared to the capacity for recollecting general knowledge and facts about world. Involves a deeper level of surprise and emotional arousal represented as a network of interconnected NODES experiments on amnesiacs had... Memory, long term memory deals with vast memory issues as compared to the phenomenon name. Encoding process takes place in These areas in the past best through semantic encoding. a... Knowledge structure about ordinary events and situations deals with ideas and concepts ) is intertwined experience. Someone to recall some facts that are related to oneself ; Includes specific and. Similar fashion, a type of long-term memory that does n't require conscious retrieval with vast issues...

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