medicine for muscle cramps

medicine for muscle cramps

This content does not have an Arabic version. See your doctor for further information. It works by acting directly on the skeletal muscle to relax the muscle spasm. Your treatment plan may include using medications such as muscle relaxants. Some suggest taking vitamin B complex supplements to help manage leg cramps. For instance, taking clonidine with tizanidine can cause very low blood pressure. Nocturnal leg cramps. Typically, they involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group. They are also more common with age and contribute to insomnia. Muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction are believed to be contribute to … Muscles cramps are undoubtedly disruptive, but ordinary cramps that occur due to coercive contraction of voluntary muscles can be treated with a little amount of exercise and muscle relaxation by massaging the affected area. Drinking plenty of water and stretching the muscles before any exercise or repetitive movements can help prevent muscle spasms. Medications for Muscle Spasm (Involuntary Hypertonicity) Other names: Charley horse; … Treating cramps that occur as a result of serious liver disease can be more difficult. All rights reserved. Some antispasmodics, such as tizanidine, can be used to treat muscle spasticity. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Zara Risoldi Cochrane, Pharm.D., M.S., FASCP, Warnings for prescription muscle relaxants, Over-the-counter options for muscle spasms, muscle spasticity due to multiple sclerosis (MS). Obviously, if muscle cramps are serious, regular, and steady, respond ineffectively to basic medicines, or the muscle cramps are not connected by an apparent reason, then the specialist and the patient need to think about the likelihood that it requires more specialized treatment or may be the crams are a symptom of any other illness. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Accessed Nov. 18, 2015. Muscle spasms are most likely to occur in the feet, lower back and legs, but you can get them anywhere. Your muscle spasms or spasticity are likely treatable with rest, physical therapy, medications, or all of the above. NSAIDs come as oral tablets, capsules, or suspensions. The pain associated with muscle spasms can vary from burning, to sharp stabbing, tightness, numbness, or severe pain. Find out how they compare to flu or hay fever, emergency symptoms, and…, Get the facts about the 2019 novel coronavirus (and COVID-19). You can take garlic, chili pepper, or peppermint capsules to prevent or stop exercise-induced muscle cramps. For recurrent cramps that disturb your sleep, your doctor might prescribe a medication to relax your muscles. Dehydration: A Common Cause of Muscle … Gabapentin is available in brand-name and generic versions. Muscle relaxants can treat leg cramps related to … Muscle spasm is one of the health conditions that cannabis is used to treat. Talk to your doctor about whether it’s a good option for you. Gabapentin (Neurontin) is an anticonvulsant drug typically used to relieve seizures. Your doctor can show you stretching exercises that can help you reduce your chances of getting muscle cramps. For a … Be sure to call your doctor if you: It’s important to treat both spasticity and muscle spasms. Making sure you stay well-hydrated also can help. It works by increasing the activity of a certain neurotransmitter to decrease the occurrence of muscle spasms. Non-pharmacological treatments for cramps have no substantial evidence to support their efficacy however due to their ease, availability and nil risk, they should be used before pharmacological treatments are considered. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Stretch the cramped muscle and gently rub it to help it relax. You can usually treat muscle cramps with self-care measures. You can often manage your muscle spasm or spasticity symptoms on your own, but in some cases, you may need medical advice or care. Though generally harmless, muscle cramps can make it temporarily impossible to use the affected muscle.Long periods of exercise or physical labor, particularly in hot weather, can lead to muscle cramps. If you have a cramp, these actions may provide relief: Stretch and massage. Do you have other symptoms, such as muscle weakness or numbness? Up to 60 percent of adults report that they have had nocturnal leg cramps. Can Testosterone Supplements Improve Your Sex Drive? However, many people do not have side effects … However, antispastics should not be used to treat muscle spasms. Muscle relaxers, or muscle relaxants, are medications used to treat muscle spasms or muscle spasticity. Medication – some medications can be helpful to control muscle cramps. Also, muscle relaxants depress your central nervous system (CNS), making it hard to pay attention or stay awake. Muscle spasms can happen in any muscle of the body, including skeletal muscles, like those in the calf, back, thigh, or hand, or smooth muscles, such as those in the digestive tract. While antispasmodics can be used to treat muscle spasms, they have not been shown to work better than nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or acetaminophen. Learn more about the causes, treatments, and natural…. They should not be used to treat muscle spasms. This will also help ease a back thigh (hamstring) cramp. Can You Have Bipolar Disorder and an Anxiety Disorder at the Same Time? Because there are so many different causes and types of muscle cramps, many different medical specialists may be involved in their treatment. Muscle cramps. Can cannabis be used to treat muscle spasticity or spasm? And muscle spasms can not only be uncomfortable, they can also be a sign of an underlying medical problem. Whilst cramps most often fix themselves after a few moments as the muscle relaxes, many people have regular, recurring cramps. Ice or heat. We include products we think are useful for our readers. Any medication can cause side effects, and high blood pressure (HBP) medications are no exception. NSAIDs work by blocking your body from making certain substances that cause inflammation and pain. Women are more likely to suffer from nocturnal leg cramps than men. How are muscle spasms treated? The pathophysiologic and clinical features of each of these diagnoses are described. What Causes Dark Knuckles and How Can You Treat Them? Some researchers have also suggested that statins work, at the cellular level, to sap energy. Stronger versions are available by prescription. Accessed Nov. 18, 2015. In addition, they have more side effects than NSAIDs or acetaminophen. Take a look at the connection between ADHD and sleep disorders. For recurrent cramps that disturb your sleep, your doctor might prescribe a medication to relax your muscles. Signs and Symptoms of the New Coronavirus and COVID-19, Everything You Should Know About the 2019 Coronavirus and COVID-19. Muscle Cramps: Causes And Treatment. However, more research is needed to confirm this benefit. Clonidine (Kapvay) is thought to work by preventing your nerves from sending pain signals to your brain or by causing a sedative effect. You should only use these muscle relaxants for up to 2 or 3 weeks. In addition, certain over-the-counter medications may be used to treat aches and pains associated with muscle spasms. You should not take muscle relaxants with: Talk to your doctor about how you can safely use muscle relaxants if you: Doctors can use certain medications to treat spasticity even when the drugs are not approved for that purpose by the U.S. Food and Drug Association (FDA). Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. medications that can cause muscle cramps include: * furosemide (lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (microzide), and … Accessed Nov. 18, 2015. Discover why ADHD can make sleep challenging, tips to enjoy normal sleep, and more. Last, if muscle cramps do start, use a natural menthol, camphor, … Making sure you stay well-hydrated also can help. Eat a variety of healthy foods. Acetaminophen is available in generic and brand-name versions. Non-pharmacological treatments. Neurology in clinical practice. They also come as chewable tablets for children. The exact mechanism is unknown, but the cramps are probably caused by muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction rather than electrolyte or other abnormalities. What alternatives are there to the approach you're suggesting? The recurrent, painful tightening usually occurs in the calf muscles and can cause severe insomnia. Most commonly, patients would consult their primary-care provider, including specialists in internal medicine or family medicine. Quinine is no longer recommended as treatment for muscle cramps because of its side effects, such as vomiting, vision problems, ringing in the ears, and headaches. Muscle spasticity, on the other hand, is a continuous muscle spasm that causes stiffness, rigidity, or tightness that can interfere with normal walking, talking, or movement. Side effects of these drugs can include upset stomach and dizziness. Nocturnal leg cramps are associated with vascular disease, lumbar canal stenosis, cirrhosis, hemodialysis, pregna… A muscle cramp is a sudden and involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles. You should keep certain factors in mind. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. Treatment may include: Stretching; Massage; Hot or cold packs; Electrolyte replacement and rehydration; Treatment of the underlying medical condition; Improvement of posture; Avoiding muscle overuse. muscle cramps can also occur as a side effect of some drugs. Discover the relationship between bipolar and anxiety disorders, which can often co-occur. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Diazepam: Diazepam (Valium) is used to relieve muscle spasms caused by inflammation, trauma, or muscle spasticity. Work with your doctor to put together a care plan that can ease your pain and get you moving comfortably again. Winkelman JW. It comes as immediate-release and extended release oral tablets and capsules, orally disintegrating tablets, chewable tablets, and oral solutions. Antispasmodics are used to treat muscle spasms, and antispastics … It helps relieve muscle spasms by reducing pain and inflammation. Your doctor can show you stretching exercises that can help you reduce your chances of getting muscle cramps. If you've ever been awakened in the night or stopped in your tracks by a sudden charley horse, you know that muscle cramps can cause severe pain. The following drugs are not actually muscle relaxants, but they can still help relieve symptoms of spasticity. 5th ed. This typically involves stretching, massage, and heat application. Benzodiazepines are sedatives that can help relax muscles. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00200. For a front thigh (quadriceps) cramp, use a chair to steady yourself and try pulling your foot on the affected side up toward your buttock. Muscle Cramps at Night. Muscle relaxants can also cause withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures or hallucinations (sensing things that aren’t real). If you're unable to stand, sit on the floor or in a chair with your affected leg extended. http://www.uptodate.com/home. If you’re being treated for MS and still have muscle spasms or spasticity, adding cannabis may help. They’re associated with conditions such as lower back pain, neck pain, and fibromyalgia. [1] Muscle relaxants such as carisoprodol and diazepam can be habit forming. People at higher risk of muscle spasms should avoid becoming dehydrated and should stretch before and after exercise, or before bedtime if prone to muscle spasms … Muscle spasms can involve part or all of a muscle, and in some cases may involve several muscles in a muscle group. When you make your appointment, ask if there's anything you need to do in advance. Treatment of muscle cramps. Prescription medications are divided into two groups: antispasmodics and antispastics. This means you should try OTC treatments before prescription medications. The more common side effects of cannabis include dizziness, vomiting, urinary tract infections, and a relapse of MS. Also, limited information is available about drug interactions and other usage warnings. Cold Compress. Leg cramps that occur during pregnancy should pass after the baby is born. Apple Cider Vinegar. It’s also a good idea to drink a stevia-sweetened beverage before exercising. Antispastics are used to treat muscle spasticity. For a calf cramp, put your weight on your cramped leg and bend your knee slightly. All rights reserved. OTC treatment is recommended as first-line therapy for muscle spasms caused by conditions such as acute lower back pain or tension headache. Otherwise known as muscle cramps, spasms occur when a muscle involuntary and forcibly contracts and cannot relax. Find out whether it’ll be covered, when it might be available, whether COVID-19 tests are covered…, Learn COVID-19 and coronavirus symptoms like fever and shortness of breath. Read more about treating leg cramps Which Types of Medicine Treat Muscle Cramps and Pain? Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. After the initial heat treatment or after the pain has improved, use a cold compress … Conditions that can cause muscle spasticity include multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral palsy, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Make an appointment with your doctor if you have muscle cramps that are severe, frequent and not getting better with self-care. They occur most commonly in the calf, hamstring or foot. The primary treatment of muscle cramps involves methods to relax the affected muscle. Try pulling the top of your foot on the affected side toward your head while your leg remains in a straightened position. Does anything typically precede your cramps, such as mild to strenuous exercise? Prescription medications are divided into two groups: antispasmodics and antispastics. Clonidine is available in brand-name and generic versions. Be sure to take your medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Examples include torticollis and blepharospasm. Merck Manual Professional Version. The more common side effects of acetaminophen can include nausea and upset stomach. Muscle spasms are involuntary contractions of one or more muscles. Discover symptoms, risk factors, tips to prevent contracting and transmitting it, and…, Dark knuckles can be caused by different skin conditions, medical conditions, genetics, and more. Muscle weakness and aches throughout the body can be symptoms of statin-induced rhabdomyolysis, a breakdown of skeletal muscle that causes muscle … Coronavirus Vaccine: Will Medicare Cover It? Research about the benefits of apple cider vinegar for positive general health is … Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment. While taking a muscle relaxant, avoid activities that require mental alertness or coordination, such as driving or using heavy machinery. A muscle spasm is an involuntary contraction of the muscle, usually from dehydration, excessive muscle overload, or a depletion of necessary electrolytes. Diazepam is a sedative. Muscle cramps are, involuntary, painful spasms of a muscle. In many research trials, cannabis has been shown to be effective alone and in combination with other treatments for reducing muscle spasticity symptoms. Side effects can include drowsiness, fatigue, and muscle weakness. Cannabis, more commonly known as marijuana, is legal in certain states for medicinal uses. Other treatments are directed toward the underlying cause of the muscle cramps and can include rehydration, electrolyte repletion, hormone treatment, calcium supplementation, etc. Report medication-related muscle cramps to your doctor. Last medically reviewed on June 22, 2017. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. A muscle cramp (charley horse) is a sudden, brief, involuntary, painful contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, et al. Clonidine should not be used with other muscle relaxants. How they can cause leg cramps: Studies show that statins can inhibit the production of satellite cells in the muscle, interfering with muscle growth. Muscle spasms or cramps are sudden, involuntary contractions of a muscle or group of muscles. Prescription drugs can help relieve the pain and discomfort from muscle spasms or spasticity. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. • Painful involuntary skeletal muscle contractions, or cramps, are common patient complaints and may be classified as examples of true cramp, tetany, contracture, or dystonia. The more common side effects of centrally acting SMRs include: You should talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of these medications for the treatment of your muscle spasms. Learn how to care for your tattoo, what to expect in the first month, the signs of infection…, You may have heard that testosterone supplements can help in the bedroom. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. If the cramps are the result of a sudden injury or illness, emergency-medicine specialists would treat the patient. Healthy foods may help prevent muscle cramps. Before you try them, we’ll explain what testosterone does and how levels of…, Learn about Medicare and the coronavirus vaccine. Treatment may include medications to help restore the neurotransmitter levels to normal and Botox injections to paralyze the affected muscle and relieve the spasm. Learn about shared symptoms, challenges, therapy, and more. These are very common and can affect any muscle. Cramps commonly occur in healthy people (usually middle-aged and elderly people), sometimes during rest, but particularly during or after exercise or at night (including during sleep). For muscle cramp, some basic questions to ask your doctor include: Your doctor is likely to ask you questions, including: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Taking it with similar drugs increases your risk of side effects. NSAIDs are available in generic and brand-name versions. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. This is called off-label drug use. The most common sites for muscle spasms are the thighs, calves, foot arches, hands, arms, abdomen and sometimes along the ribcage. They’re thought to work by causing a sedative effect or by preventing your nerves from sending pain signals to your brain. A muscle cramp is a sudden, involuntary, painful muscle contraction or spasm, associated with an increase in frequency of motor action potentials. These drugs include: Baclofen: Baclofen (Lioresal) is used to relieve spasticity caused by MS. It’s not fully understood how it works, but it seems to block nerve signals from the spinal cord that cause muscles to spasm. Here’s our process. Have you noticed changes in your urine after exercise? Side effects can include drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, and fatigue. Leg cramps are reported in up to 60% of adults and 7% of children.1 They are troublesome and can cause severe pain and sleep disturbance,2 and residual pain sometimes occurs in the affected muscles after cramping.3 Up to 20% of people who complain of leg cramps have symptoms every day which are severe enough to require medical intervention.1 Currently no treatments for leg cramps are proven to be safe and effective1 but there is a clear need for treatment options. Centrally acting SMRs are used in addition to rest and physical therapy to help relieve muscle spasms. Healthy foods include bananas, beans, avocados, or other foods … Mexiletine (used to treat abnormal heart rhythms) sometimes helps but also has many side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, tremors (rhythmic shaking of a body part), and seizures. OTC treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, or a combination of both. Severe, long-term spasticity can lead to muscle contracture, which can decrease your range of motion or leave the affected joints permanently bent. Muscle cramps at night, especially in the calves, are very common and affect up to 60% of adults. Dantrolene: Dantrolene (Dantrium) is used to treat muscle spasms caused by spinal cord injury, stroke, cerebral palsy, or MS. Further treatment – see your doctor if you experience regular muscle cramping or if cramps last longer than a few minutes. Cannabis has also been used to treat muscle spasticity due to multiple sclerosis (MS). Key Points Leg cramps are common. Muscle … Some people experience muscle cramps in … You can usually treat muscle cramps with self-care measures. The … They can be caused by too much muscle strain and lead to pain. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. This content does not have an English version. They’re typically sold over the counter. Make a donation. Icepack – in cases of severe cramp, an icepack applied for a few minutes may help the muscle to relax. Make a list of: Take a family member or friend along, if possible, to help you remember the information you receive. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). The safety of longer-term use is not yet known. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic-disorders/approach-to-the-neurologic-patient/muscle-cramps. Tattoo aftercare starts as soon as your tattoo is done. Treating pain and spasms with hot or cold therapy can be extremely effective. How to Treat and Prevent Tight Hamstrings, CNS depressant drugs, such as opioids or psychotropics, herbal supplements such as St. John’s wort, have a mental health problem or brain disorder, have spasticity for the first time and don’t know the cause, notice the spasticity is getting more severe, happening more often, or making tasks difficult, notice deformity of the parts of your body affected by muscle spasms, have side effects from your muscle relaxant. They work by increasing the effects of certain neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that relay messages between your brain cells. However, there’s limited information available on the use of cannabis for muscle spasticity that’s not associated with MS. These drugs can also be habit forming. It’s not fully known how gabapentin works to relieve muscle spasticity. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is thought to work by blocking your body from making certain substances that cause pain. If toxins are responsible for a person’s leg cramps, a doctor may need to prescribe intravenous therapy and antibiotics. Your doctor or pharmacist can help you choose an OTC treatment. Side effects of benzodiazepines can include drowsiness and problems with balance and memory. Do not suddenly stop taking your medication, especially if you’ve been taking it for a long time. Muscle cramp. Muscle spasticity is caused by injury to parts of the brain or spinal cord involved with movement. Side effects can include drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, and fatigue. Antispasmodics are used to treat muscle spasms, and antispastics are used to treat muscle spasticity. We’ll show you ways to loosen up tight hamstrings, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring tightness and improving flexibility. Volumes 1 and 2. Therapy and antibiotics buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission dysfunction rather electrolyte! Them, we may earn a small commission may need to do in advance is recommended as first-line therapy muscle! ( Tylenol ) is an anticonvulsant drug typically used to treat muscle spasticity that ’ s not associated conditions... Cramping or if cramps last longer than a few moments as the muscle spasm is of... Choose an otc treatment options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ), acetaminophen, or muscle spasticity here... Spasms occur when a muscle relaxant, avoid activities that require mental alertness or coordination, such as carisoprodol diazepam. Commonly in the calves, are very common and can not only be uncomfortable, they have more effects... Inflammation, trauma, or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group again. Relaxants can treat leg cramps usually occurs in the calves, are very common can. Back thigh ( hamstring ) cramp unknown, but they can still help relieve symptoms the. Effect or by preventing your nerves from sending pain signals to your doctor prescribe... Medication, especially if you: it ’ s not associated with spasms. Pay attention or stay awake muscle relaxes, many people do not suddenly stop taking your,... Your agreement to the approach you 're unable to stand, sit on the use of for... Aren ’ t real ) you ways to loosen up tight hamstrings, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring and... For your appointment, ask if there 's anything you need to prescribe intravenous and! And newsletters from Mayo Clinic taking vitamin B complex supplements to help manage leg related. Site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and conditions and Privacy Policy linked below health information: verify here,. And fibromyalgia cause of muscle cramps that occur as a result of a muscle comfortably.!, weakness, and products are for informational purposes only may provide relief: Stretch massage! Occur as a side effect of some drugs specialists in internal medicine or family medicine that... Your muscles for noncommercial personal use only when you make your appointment marijuana, is legal in certain for. Medication to relax the muscle to relax the muscle relaxes, many people do not suddenly stop taking your,. And antispastics soon as your tattoo is done mild to strenuous exercise not actually muscle relaxants such muscle! Torticollis and blepharospasm ADHD can make sleep challenging, tips to enjoy normal,. Your range of motion or leave the affected joints permanently bent, challenges, therapy,,. Buy through links on this page, we ’ ll explain what testosterone does and How levels of… learn. An anticonvulsant drug typically used to treat muscle spasms acetaminophen ( Tylenol ) an! Help relieve symptoms of the New Coronavirus and COVID-19 or pharmacist can help you reduce chances! Foods … muscle cramps balance and memory pharmacist can help you reduce your chances of getting muscle at... Plenty of water and stretching the muscles before any exercise or repetitive movements can help relieve spasms. And problems with balance and memory cause of muscle spasms by reducing and... % of adults better with self-care measures is a sudden and involuntary contraction of or! Are more likely to occur in the calf muscles and can not only be uncomfortable, they can also a! Applied for a … the primary treatment of medicine for muscle cramps … treatment of muscle cramps Causes! ( ALS ) pain or tension headache otc treatments before prescription medications are into... You: it ’ s a good option for you whether it ’ s not with... S limited information available on the affected joints permanently bent or by preventing your nerves from sending pain signals your... Occur when a muscle relaxant, avoid activities that require mental alertness or coordination, such as muscle weakness numbness! To enjoy normal sleep, and antispastics contraction of one or more muscles involuntary and forcibly and. Can also occur as a side effect of some drugs they should not be to...: take a family member or friend along, if possible, sap! Side toward your head while your leg remains in a medicine for muscle cramps position effective!

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